Kondapur is a small village in the Sangareddy District of Telangana State. The ancient mounds of Kondapur (17° 33’N; 78° 1’E) are quite extensive and located about 1 Kms south of the village Kondapur. The site was fortified township of the Satavahanas, the power ruled a vast kingdom extending between the seas across the Deccan Plateau and included portions of Aryavarta and Dravidadesa.
The site was first explored by the famous Archaeologist Mr. Henry Cousens in the early years of the 19th Century. During explorations, many tools were reported of Middle stone age i.e., thick lunates, blades, flakes and tortoise cores. Interestingly the tools of Late Stone Age (Microlith) blades, cores and Geometric tools were also found in proximity of the above Middle Stone Age sites.
The site initially was excavated for couple of seasons from 1940 onwards by Department of Archaeology of the erstwhile of Hyderabad State under H.E.H the Nizam of Hyderabad. The excavations revealed remains of structures both secular and religious made of bricks and mud mortar. The most important findings aided in determining the age of site, was the discovery of nearly two thousand coins. Among them a good number belonged to Satavahana. Several coin moulds also have been found, and it appears that the site as an important town where coins were minted. At this place a gold coin of the Roman king Augustus (37 B.C.E to 14 C.E) was also found. The structural remains that have been exposed here are of religious and as well royal houses. The religious structures are Buddhist in nature and consist of Stupas, Chaityas and monasteries. The usage of large sized bricks (22"X11"X3") for their construction suggests on early date.